Self-esteem – short definition || Psychology

Do you ever get this feeling when you keep telling yourself that you are not worthy and just feel bad about you? Or do you ever get the feeling when you say to yourself that you are great, talented and just awesome? Both of these feelings, positive and negative, are related to self-esteem we have. Today I want to write a little about it.

What is self-esteem? 

Self-esteem is a generalized evaluative attitude towards oneself, which affects both the mood and behavior, and overwhelming exerts influence on a range of individual and social behavior (Gerrig, Zimbardo, 2012). People with high self-esteem may think of themselves as worthy and „good enough.” This doesn’t mean they think they are better than others. On the other hand, people with low self-esteem are not satisfied with themselves and think they’re worse than everyone else (Rosenberg, 1965).

In positive psychology, self-esteem is one of the virtues. It is said to depend on perceived by a person success and failure in those areas of life which are important to oneself. The evaluation in those areas is generalized as a value of self-esteem (Crocker, Park, 2004). Some researchers equated high self-esteem with well-being under the premise of satisfaction from oneself, that is the most important components of life satisfaction.

In this short article, I showed you what is self-esteem and how it is defined. I didn’t want it to be too long to read so in my future psychology post I will write a little bit more about it.


  • Crocker, J., Park, L. E. (2004). The Costly Pursuit of Self-Esteem. Psychological Bulletin, 3, 392-414.
  • Gerrig, R. J., Zimbardo, P. G. (2012). Psychologia i życie. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
  • Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and adolescent self-image. New York: Princeton University Press.